TNCs have been accused of human rights abuse s in the past. A Trans National Corporation TNC is a company that has operations factories, offices, research and development, shops in more than one country. This has had consequences for the Ogoni people, many of whom live without electricity or running water, who see none of the oil profits and have to live with the poisoning of land and water from pipelines, oil spills and gas fires. Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time on March 12, They could lose their jobs without warning if company decide to set up somewhere cheaper.
Nigeria is attractive to many TNCs because of the large market on offer and lower labour costs. In , when the county passed legislation which prohibited the alcoholic version, Pemberton responded by developing Coca-Cola, a non-alcoholic version. TNCs have been accused of human rights abuse s in the past. The marketing of its products is also completed in America. Cambodia, Montserrat, Paraguay, Macau, Turkey and more. It is probably the best known brand symbol in the world. Shell has had many incidents involving oil spills for example.
Often TNCs have their headquarters and areas of research, development and product innovation in the country they start in, and manufacturing and factories in other countries often poorer ones to take advantage of cheaper labour and environmental costs.
Working conditions in some factories are harsh. Profits are returned to the shareholders, very little of the money remains in the host countries. Each bottling company has exclusive rights to a region of the world.
Nigeria and Transnational corporations
TNCs often have charities to help people in the country they work in. Pemberton claimed Coca-Cola cured many diseases, including morphine addiction, dyspepsia, neurasthenia, headache, and impotence. Some TNCs have even been known to use child labour in their factories.
It proved popular in the United States at the time due to the belief that carbonated water was good for the health. Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time on March 12, Despite massive pressure from Germany, France and Australia, Saro-Wiwa was hanged with 8 other protestors in Bottlers gwography the concentrate from the Coca Cola Company.
During the war, many people enjoyed their first taste of the beverage, and when peace finally came, the foundations were laid for Coca-Cola to do business overseas. Extracting the oil is a primary industry but Shell also refine the oil which is a secondary manufacturing industry and they also sell the finished products which is a tertiary service.
Their activities have polluted the environment in the past.
Case Study of a TNC: Even in HICs, big TNCs like Amazon and Starbucks have been accused of doing everything they can to limit the amount of tax they pay by playing the system.
Retailers sell the bottled products to the public to buy. Nigeria is attractive to many TNCs because of the large market on offer and lower labour costs.
Inthere were two bottlers of Coca-Cola; bythere would be about 1, Approximately one third of the Company team of 1, provides shared services for all of the Europe Group and beyond and manages group-wide resources, while 12 business units, consisting of one to four countries each, execute plans at the local market level. The marketing of its products is also completed in America.
Shells bring positives and negatives to the country. From the mids untilthe number of countries with bottling operations nearly doubled.
Shell has had many incidents involving oil spills for example. This also means that TNCs pay tax which can be used by the governments of countries to help their people.
The protest movement were attacked, killed and mutilated and some people blamed geograpyy government for this.
Case Study of a TNC – The Coca Cola Company – Joe Blakey
Coca Cola owns shares in some of the gcwe but not all of them, some are independent. Bottlers are in charge of distributing the products to the retailers.
Many of the bottling firms are local companies so all the profit stays in the host country. Nigeria and Transnational corporations.
Globalisation – Revision 3 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize
After 70 years of success with one brand, Coca-Cola, the Company decided to expand with new flavors: The profits from the production go straight to the headquarters in the HIC. TNCs are very powerful; if they are not happy with the economic conditions within the host country they will pull out leaving people unemployed.
Untilthe soft drink, marketed as a tonic, contained extracts of cocaine as well as the caffeine-rich kola nut. This has had consequences for the Ogoni people, many of whom live without electricity or running water, who see none of the oil syudy and have to gegraphy with the poisoning of land and water from pipelines, oil spills and gas fires.