References to these Shangaan forms of speech should be classified as influences from the Lala , Zunda , and Ngoni language groups. Xitsonga is a southern African Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people. Any girl who has been seen by this boy, she will accept his proposal used by a boy when he is in love with a girl. G10 G11 Gogo G12 Kaguru. F10 F11 Tongwe F12 Bende. Among these languages, three language groups can be identified.
The latter are weakly whistled in both Tsonga proper and Changana dialect. The first states that Tsonga is another pronunciation for Dzonga, which means “South” and also the name of one of the dialects of Xitsonga. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. All verbs have the prefix “ku” and end with an ‘a’ in the infinitive , with a couple of exceptions. An example is rhuma Tsonga word for “send” becomes thuma Zulu word for the same action. They appear in a group of animals, trees and people.
Tswa-Ronga dialects not considered part of the family include Pulana Xipulana, Sepulane.
My conclusion is then that the Thonga language was already-spoken by the primitive occupants of xitsogna country more than years ago and that, together with a certain number of customs, it formed the great bond which bound the Thonga clans together in past centuries. Narrow Bantu languages by Guthrie classification. Studies in language and society, This article contains IPA phonetic symbols.
Xitsonga uses the Latin alphabet.
However, certain sounds are spelled using a combination of letters, which either do not exist in Indo-European languagesor may be meant to distinguish the language somewhat. The structure changes to subject—object—verb when addressing another person:. Different consonant sounds may alternate the place of articulation. Formally Xitsonga has been called Gwamba.
Xikwembu “God”, xilo “thing”, xitulu “chair”. These may be classified as first person the speakersecond person the one spoken toand third person the one spoken about. Imprimerie Attinger Freres, p. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
Ndzi lava mali — I want money, Hi tirha siku hinkwaro — We work all day, Mi u lava mani? Personal pronouns in Tsonga are very similar to those of many other Bantu languages, with a few variations. Retrieved 28 August What are you saying? Swikwembu “gods”, swilo “things”, switulu “chairs”.
They are also classified by grammatical numberi. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Xisonga grammar is generally typical of Bantu languages with a subject—verb—object order. Past tense This is for in one of three ways, depending on the word. Much of the history about the Tsonga people had been overlooked and thus a lot of the history speaks about the aftermath of the mfecane where the Nguni people overran a lot of the pre-existing African tribes of South Africa, Eswatini, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.
This article has multiple issues. It is not official in Eswatini formerly Swaziland. Xitsonga, like many other African languages, have been influenced by various European colonial languages. All Tswa-Ronga languages are recognised in Mozambique.
Present progressive Generally, to indicate ongoing actions in the present one takes the personal pronoun, drops the ‘i’ and adds ‘a’. G10 G11 Gogo G12 Kaguru. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: F11 Tongwe F12 Bende.
Tsonga language – Wikipedia
Chewa Nyanja Shimaore Sotho Sesotho. N’wina mi vona huku. The latter are weakly whistled in both Tsonga proper and Changana dialect. It is mutually intelligible with Tswa and Ronga, and xutsonga name “Tsonga” is often used as a cover term for all three, also sometimes referred to as Tswa-Ronga. Retrieved from ” https: