Indeed, I didn’t check properly which language version contains what, it seems the German Wikipage has the most details on grades, so I’ll refer that if only to help get a grasp of the variations. And to my best knowledge, in Germany bswertung Latin classifications exist only for PhDs. Note that this also can vary by country and institution.
Promotionsordnung der TU Berlin
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Unicorn Meta Zoo 3: Comment it probably depends on the university because some universities transform it into normal grades like this: To complete the list, there is also “unsufficienter” – meaning the thesis did not fulfill the reqirements. At the institutions i know Germanythe summa cum laude grade is jealously guarded by the faculty, and a Prof who want’s it for a student has to be very persuasive, even dig out “Vordiplom” and “Abitur” grades.
Since there is no concrete evaluation of the PhD examination, summs examiners decide to give “summa cum laude” instead of “magna cum laude”?
Ich habe ja nicht behauptet, dass es ein Promotionszeugnis mit dieser Note gibt – nur dass die schrifliche Arbeit so bewertet werden kann.
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By attending some PhD examinations and reading the theses, I could not find the key factor, which distinguishes between these two academic suumma.
I’m guessing these distinctions aren’t all that meaningful beyond the defense although I am in the US, where the latin honors are only used for undergraduates in my experience: Comment cum laude is actually “very good” for American universities. Registration and use of the trainer are free of charge. I would for instance not expect a Phd student to hand in his thesis and then fail, which cuts off all the “failing” grades from the grading scheme in reality as I know it.
In Germany, these four grades are used for doctoral theses only. There is – to my knowledge – no universal guideline.
Ask the LEO community. Translation with honor Sources http: I’m sure that one could easily find more such statistics by spending some time on Google. If the examiners do not find so much to argue about, the candidate gets “magna cum diissertation. The reference you give doesn’t mention latin honors except for Spain.
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cum laude – English missing: English ⇔ German Forums –
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Other than that, I must say that I had not anticipated such vast differences in meaning of the term “cum laude.