MEDC VOLCANO CASE STUDY ICELAND

Here, convection currents are driving apart the North American plate moving West and the Eurasian Plate moving East along a constructive or divergent plate boundary. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. This was a problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better. The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. Earthquakes and Eruptions in Iceland from hjalli on Vimeo. Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances.

What is a volcano? Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers. A second, explosive eruption occurred on 14th April, and the volcano continued to erupt for around a month. This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine. The impact of the event social, economic, environmental , in the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe:

The London office gave information on ash which is based on information from the Icelandic Met Office.

This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe. The IMO’s weather radar on the southwest tip of the country showed the height of the ash plume, which is important for calculating the distribution of the ash.

medc volcano case study iceland

This means that many of the countries uceland great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people stuck by the restrictions on air travel. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude. Some glaciers can be as high as 1km! This is creating the Mid Atlantic ridge, along which the age of the rocks either side of the ridge and paleomagnetism have been used as evidence of Plate Tectonics theory.

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The eruption affected farmers in volczno nearby area — ash fall made it very difficult to farm, and contaminated water supplies putting the health of farm animals at risk. The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is stidy the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: We think you have liked this presentation.

Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption.

Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered. The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture. Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in, and It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west. This volcano erupts more often and is known to be more violent. The map shows the extent of the ash cloud, note it interrupts not just European flights but also Trans Atlantic fights.

MEDC volcano case study >>> Eyjafjallajokull

Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of wtudy being less than 2 on the Richter ccase and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. The main stuxy were to soils and water courses. The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep.

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The mountain is a stratovolcano standing m tall and is fed by a magma chamber caused by the divergence of the Mid Atlantic Ridge.

Their legal, technical and infrastructure systems can cope with hazards such as this eruption, even if there are economic impacts. The flight ban lasted 6 days and cancelled over 95, flights.

MEDC Volcanic Eruption Case Study: Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland – ppt download

The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. LEDCs were also badly affected, with Kenya being a great example. Scientists were very concerned at the time of the eruption that this eruption could be a precursor or warning sign of a much larger eruption of the historically more active and dangerous Katla. These particles clog up the engines of aircraft that attempt to fly through them, and this is the reason for aviation disruption.

Registration Forgot your password? Their actions also limited the iceoand in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to stufy if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds.

Volcanoes CASE STUDY MEDC: Iceland – Mindmap in GCSE Geography

This also has a huge impact on public institutions such as schools and businesses, particularly those who rely on air freight or those whose workers were stranded overseas.

The eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometres high, which was carried across to Europe by the Gulf Stream.

medc volcano case study iceland

In total, around million cubic metres of airborne tephra was ejected. Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic vlocano, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known.

medc volcano case study iceland

A second, explosive eruption occurred on 14th April, and the volcano continued to erupt for around a month.