ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON FGM

She notes that while the Western cultures view this practice as a form of oppression, not all the women who deal with it on a daily basis see it as so. No HTML skills required. I am indebted to Julie D. This practice is often deeply rooted in the culture of societies. This is done to decrease a woman’s ability to achieve orgasm, in the hopes to keep her from having sex.

Therefore, some believe that criminalizing it would violate the freedom of religion clause of the Constitution. Infibulation provides an additional risk in the birth of children because if the mother has not been deinfibulated, there may be tearing of the tissue. These facts included the description of what female circumcision is as well as many other factors associated with it. This book also provided much information about the amount of women who are subjected to female genital mutilation. Sexual Orientation renamed ; originally titled ” Lesbianism “. This article explores many of the aspects of female genital mutilation. Australia and New Zealand.

This exemplifies the low value placed on the life of women. Infibulation provides an additional risk in the birth of children because if the mother has not been deinfibulated, there may be tearing of the tissue. It recognized female genital mutilation as a large violation against human rights and that there needs to be an end to it.

Female Genital Mutilation

As ofthe United States still refused to binliography expand the refugee status to women pn to escape female genital mutilation. The results can be detrimental to the women as well as the child when the female gives birth. It provided that there are no health benefits associated with this procedure, rather many harmful health risks.

  DISSERTATION JURIDIQUE OBOULO

It proceeds to explain the different types of female genital mutilation that occur and how they are classified.

annotated bibliography on fgm

Women in these societies are judged completely on their sexual acts. Finally, the author explores International laws regarding female genital mutilation. It is done to preserve the woman’s virginity until marriage. This practice is often deeply rooted in the culture of societies.

annotated bibliography on fgm

Despite advances in the rights of women, as ofthere were no countries that “treat[ed] its women as well as its men. Some women who live in cultures that require genital mutilation have resisted mutilation, while others have accepted it anntated a cultural norm. It also shows that there are many health risks and complications that can amnotated involved in the practice. This article also examines the Western response to this practice.

Female Genital Mutilation in the United States: This article describes in detail the procedures and the resulting lives of women who undergo some type of female genital mutilation. To enter adulthood, girls must be relieved of biblioggaphy male partthe clitoris. The doctor classifies the types of “female circumcision into two broad categories, clitoridectomies. This is done to decrease a woman’s ability to achieve orgasm, in the hopes to keep her from having sex.

Female Genital Mutilation

The infibulation provides a more long-term serious effect in the health of women because of interference with menstrual and urine flow. The author examines these difficulties in the context of American society, where body piercing, tattooing, and cosmetic surgery all are allowed. Finally, the article calls for the legal condemnation of the practice of female genital mutilation in the United States.

It explains the differences between the agendas of the Western feminist and African feminist. It describes the types of circumcision, the bibligoraphy and psychological consequences to the female, and legal issues dealt with in the practice of female circumcision.

  COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY NAS L YAP L R

For example, she explains that the Muslims believe that it is a religious necessity to subject women to genital mutilation. They also explain who is at risk for being subjected to this treatment as well as the short and long cgm consequences because of it. And in some cultures, if a woman is raped, she may be forced to marry her attacker or sometimes she is killed to protect the family honor.

annotated bibliography on fgm

Most importantly in this article, Doctor Toubia describes the physical complications associated with this practice. This article describes the anhotated of female genital mutilation as a means to persecute and control women. It then examines the origins of the practice of female genital mutilation.

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Lenihan, A Physician’s Dilemma: It explains that the United States does not have laws to protect immigrants from the risk of genital mutilation. With the incidence of African immigrants coming to America, the need for legislation prohibiting female genital mutilation is explained. For example, the practice of female genital mutilation is justified as being a religious practice. However, the author notes that the way female genital mutilation in viewed has an effect on the treatment is given in asylum law.